One of the sessions within Multi-Stakeholder Dialogue on ‘Scaling-up Interventions for Sustainable Agricultural Development in Myanmar’s Dry Zone’ is seeking some policy options for scaling up agricultural development in the Dry Zone, Myanmar.
The Multi-Stakeholder Dialogue high level and senior official participants
In order to analyse these options, Dr. Krishnan Srinivasaraghavan, the Coordinator of Science, Technology and Innovation APCTT- UNESCAP gave a presentation on how farmer-led seed enterprise development could enhance access to quality seeds and income generation in Dry Zone area Myanmar. He also presented the blue print for a farmer-led seed enterprise model for the Dry Zone. Under the blue print he recommended for the enterprises to register the trust under the appropriate registration office for the establishment of enterprises (Figure 1).
Figure 1. Blue print for a farmer-led seed enterprise model for the Dry Zone
Furthermore, Ms. Lian Zhang, Operation Facilitator CSAM-UNESCAP provided perspective on the Sustainable Agricultural Mechanization Development that covers: Economic Development, Social Equity and Environmental protection. There are key policies, institutions and policies processes involved in agricultural mechanization development in the Dry Zone area (Figure 2). Finally Ms. Zhang presented policy recommendations which cover three areas: Roles of the government and the private sector, Policy cycle and institutional coordination and Sustainable agricultural mechanization development.
Figure 2. Key policies, institutions and policies processes involved in agricultural mechanization development in the Dry Zone area
Completing the policy options for scaling up agricultural development in the Dry Zone, Mr. Anshuman Varma, Knowledge Management Coordinator of CAPSA-UNESCAP presented the recommendations of policy setting; (a) Expedite activation of policies and laws once enacted (b) Carry out education and extension activities for all stakeholders including private sector to help with understanding of implications of laws and regulations (c) Revise credit policy for agricultural development and encourage private banks to provide loans to farmers (d) Encourage foreign direct investment in agriculture (e) Create more incentives for private sector investment in seed sector (f) Promote seed marketing and distribution through PPPs and necessary infrastructure (g) Encourage private sector to lead agricultural mechanization supply and services (h) Promote quality improvements and product safety in pulses and oilseed crops (i) Better link information and decision-making in production and sale of farm products (j) Promote crop insurance to mitigate climate and other risks.
He also stated the recommendations for institutions and processes which consisted of; (a) Establish National Seed Association of Myanmar (b) Negotiate legal status of Commodity Exchange Centres (c) Provide greater institutional support to value added processing in agriculture (d) Encourage policy advocacy and ensure public hearing in drafting stage (e) Engage lower levels of government in policy formulation.
The multi-stakeholder dialogue was organized by CAPSA, the Asian and Pacific Centre for Transfer of Technology, Centre for Sustainable Agricultural Mechanization and Network Activities Group under a project funded by the Livelihoods and Food Security Trust Fund (LIFT) and implemented in partnership with the Department of Rural Development of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation of Myanmar.
Reporter: Fitria Rinawati – Interim Project Coordinator CAPSA